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American Archeological Periods 

Eastern United States
Paleoindian 12,000 (?) - 7,000 BCE
Archaic 7,000 - 1,000 BCE
Woodland: Cahokia Mounds 1,000 BCE - 900 CE
Mississippian 900 - 1,600 CE
Historic 1,600 CE - present
Southwestern United States
Paleoindian 12,000 - 7, 000 BCE
Archaic 7,000 - 100 BCE
Basketmaker & Anasazi, Hohokam, Mogollan & Mimbres 100 BCE - 1,540 CE
Mesoamerica
Preceramic Archaic 8,500 - 1,800 BCE
Formative  or Preclassic 1,800 BCE - 150 CE
Classic: Ceren in El Salvador, Mayan Altar de Sacrificios in Guatemala 150 -900 CE
Postclassic 900 - 1,521 CE
Colonial 1,521 - 1,822 CE
Colombia
Preceramic 8,000 - 3,000 BCE
Formative 3,000 BCE - 1 CE
Chiefdoms/Regional Development 1 - 1,527 CE
Coastal Ecuador
Preceramic 8,500 - 4,700 BCE
Formative 3,500 - 300 BCE
Regional Development 300 BCE - 800 CE
Integration 1,150 - 1,531 CE
Colonial 1,531 - 1,820 CE
Peru
Preceramic 9,500 - 1,800 BCE
Initial 1,800 - 900 BCE
Early Horizon 900 - 200 BCE
Early Intermediate 200 BCE - 600 CE
Middle Horizon 600 -1,000 CE
Late Intermediate 1,000 - 1,476 CE
Late Horizon 1,476 - 1,534 CE
Colonial 1,534 - 1,822 CE

Adapted from Women in Ancient America by Karen Olsen Bruhns and Karen E. Stothert, Oklahoma University Press, 1999.

Take this link to a general introductions to the Maya, Aztecs, and Incas

Take these links to read about Mayan, Aztec, and Incan women.